Bajaur Agency is the smallest of the agencies by size in FATA. It shares a 52 km long border with Afghanistan’s Kunar province. Its population is estimated to be 850,000 to 900,000. The headquarters of the Agency Administration is located in the town of Khar. Bajaur is inhabited almost exclusively by Tarkani (Tarkalani) Pashtuns, and the main sub-tribes in Bajaur are the Utman Khel, the Tarkalani, the Mamund
(Kakazai, Wur and Salarzai) as well as a small population of Safis. The Utman Khels are at the southeast of Bajaur while Mamund are at the southwest and the Tarkani are at the north of Bajaur. Its border with Afghanistan’s Kunar province makes it of strategic importance to FATA and Pakistan in general. The main militant groups in the region are Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), Tehrik Jaish Islami Pakistan, the Karawan Naimatullah group, the Dr Ismail Group and the Moulana Abdullah Group.